Glorious Quran

The Eternal Reality

Surah Al Najm

English Translation by Muhsin Khan, Hilal

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


وَٱلنَّجۡمِ إِذَا هَوَىٰ

By the star when it goes down, (or vanishes).


مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمۡ وَمَا غَوَىٰ 

Your companion (Muhammad SAW) has neither gone astray nor has erred.


وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ ٱلۡهَوَىٰٓ 

Nor does he speak of (his own) desire.


إِنۡ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحۡىٌ۬ يُوحَىٰ 

It is only an Inspiration that is inspired.


عَلَّمَهُ ۥ شَدِيدُ ٱلۡقُوَىٰ

He has been taught (this Quran) by one mighty in power (Jibrael (Gabriel)).


ذُو مِرَّةٍ۬ فَٱسۡتَوَىٰ 

Dhu Mirrah (free from any defect in body and mind), Fastawa (then he (Jibrael Gabriel) rose and became stable).

(Tafsir At-Tabaree).


وَهُوَ بِٱلۡأُفُقِ ٱلۡأَعۡلَىٰ 

While he (Jibrael (Gabriel)) was in the highest part of the horizon,


ثُمَّ دَنَا فَتَدَلَّىٰ 

Then he (Jibrael (Gabriel)) approached and came closer,


فَكَانَ قَابَ قَوۡسَيۡنِ أَوۡ أَدۡنَىٰ

And was at a distance of two bows length or (even) nearer,


فَأَوۡحَىٰٓ إِلَىٰ عَبۡدِهِۦ مَآ أَوۡحَىٰ 

So did (Allah) convey the Inspiration to His slave (Muhammad SAW through Jibrael (Gabriel)).


مَا كَذَبَ ٱلۡفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَىٰٓ

The (Prophets) heart lied not (in seeing) what he (Muhammad SAW) saw.


أَفَتُمَـٰرُونَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ مَا يَرَىٰ 

Will you then dispute with him (Muhammad SAW) about what he saw (during the Miraj: (Ascent of the Prophet SAW over the seven heavens)).


وَلَقَدۡ رَءَاهُ نَزۡلَةً أُخۡرَىٰ 

And indeed he (Muhammad SAW) saw him (Jibrael (Gabriel)) at a second descent (i.e. another time).


عِندَ سِدۡرَةِ ٱلۡمُنتَهَىٰ 

Near Sidrat-ul-Muntaha (lote-tree of the utmost boundary (beyond which none can pass)),


عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ ٱلۡمَأۡوَىٰٓ 

Near it is the Paradise of Abode.


إِذۡ يَغۡشَى ٱلسِّدۡرَةَ مَا يَغۡشَىٰ 

When that covered the lote-tree which did cover it!


مَا زَاغَ ٱلۡبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَىٰ  

The sight (of Prophet Muhammad SAW) turned not aside (right or left), nor it transgressed beyond (the) limit (ordained for it).


لَقَدۡ رَأَىٰ مِنۡ ءَايَـٰتِ رَبِّهِ ٱلۡكُبۡرَىٰٓ 

Indeed he (Muhammad SAW) did see, of the Greatest Signs, of his Lord (Allah).


أَفَرَءَيۡتُمُ ٱللَّـٰتَ وَٱلۡعُزَّىٰ 

Have you then considered Al-Lat, and Al-Uzza (two idols of the pagan Arabs)


وَمَنَوٰةَ ٱلثَّالِثَةَ ٱلۡأُخۡرَىٰٓ 

And Manat (another idol of the pagan Arabs), the other third?


أَلَكُمُ ٱلذَّكَرُ وَلَهُ ٱلۡأُنثَىٰ

Is it for you the males and for Him the females?


تِلۡكَ إِذً۬ا قِسۡمَةٌ۬ ضِيزَىٰٓ

That indeed is a division most unfair!


إِنۡ هِىَ إِلَّآ أَسۡمَآءٌ۬ سَمَّيۡتُمُوهَآ أَنتُمۡ وَءَابَآؤُكُم مَّآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ بِہَا مِن سُلۡطَـٰنٍ‌ۚ

They are but names which you have named, you and your fathers, for which Allah has sent down no authority.

إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا ٱلظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهۡوَى ٱلۡأَنفُسُ‌ۖ

They follow but a guess and that which they themselves desire,

وَلَقَدۡ جَآءَهُم مِّن رَّبِّہِمُ ٱلۡهُدَىٰٓ 

whereas there has surely come to them the Guidance from their Lord!


أَمۡ لِلۡإِنسَـٰنِ مَا تَمَنَّىٰ 

Or shall man have what he wishes?


فَلِلَّهِ ٱلۡأَخِرَةُ وَٱلۡأُولَىٰ

But to Allah belongs the last (Hereafter) and the first (the world).


وَكَم مِّن مَّلَكٍ۬ فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ لَا تُغۡنِى شَفَـٰعَتُہُمۡ شَيۡـًٔا

And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail nothing

إِلَّا مِنۢ بَعۡدِ أَن يَأۡذَنَ ٱللَّهُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ وَيَرۡضَىٰٓ 

except after Allah has given leave for whom He wills and pleases.


إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱلۡأَخِرَةِ لَيُسَمُّونَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةَ تَسۡمِيَةَ ٱلۡأُنثَىٰ 

Verily, those who believe not in the Hereafter, name the angels with female names.


وَمَا لَهُم بِهِۦ مِنۡ عِلۡمٍ‌ۖ

While they have no knowledge thereof.

إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا ٱلظَّنَّ‌ۖ وَإِنَّ ٱلظَّنَّ لَا يُغۡنِى مِنَ ٱلۡحَقِّ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا  

They follow but a guess, and verily, guess is no substitute for the truth.


فَأَعۡرِضۡ عَن مَّن تَوَلَّىٰ عَن ذِكۡرِنَا وَلَمۡ يُرِدۡ إِلَّا ٱلۡحَيَوٰةَ ٱلدُّنۡيَا 

Therefore withdraw (O Muhammad SAW) from him who turns away from Our Reminder (this Quran) and desires nothing but the life of this world.


ذَٲلِكَ مَبۡلَغُهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ‌ۚ

That is what they could reach of knowledge.

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَن ضَلَّ عَن سَبِيلِهِۦوَهُوَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَنِ ٱهۡتَدَىٰ 

Verily, your Lord it is He Who knows best him who goes astray from His Path, and He knows best him who receives guidance.


وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ

And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth,

لِيَجۡزِىَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَسَـٰٓـُٔواْ بِمَا عَمِلُواْ وَيَجۡزِىَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَحۡسَنُواْ بِٱلۡحُسۡنَى 

that He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done (i.e. punish them in Hell), and reward those who do good, with what is best (i.e. Paradise).


ٱلَّذِينَ يَجۡتَنِبُونَ كَبَـٰٓٮِٕرَ ٱلۡإِثۡمِ وَٱلۡفَوَٲحِشَ إِلَّا ٱللَّمَمَ‌ۚ

Those who avoid great sins (see the Quran, Verses: 6:152,153) and Al-Fawahish (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) except the small faults,

إِنَّ رَبَّكَ وَٲسِعُ ٱلۡمَغۡفِرَةِ‌ۚ

verily, your Lord is of vast forgiveness.

هُوَ أَعۡلَمُ بِكُمۡ إِذۡ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَإِذۡ أَنتُمۡ أَجِنَّةٌ۬ فِى بُطُونِ أُمَّهَـٰتِكُمۡ‌ۖ

He knows you well when He created you from the earth (Adam), and when you were fetuses in your mothers wombs.

فَلَا تُزَكُّوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمۡ‌ۖ

So ascribe not purity to yourselves.

هُوَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَنِ ٱتَّقَىٰٓ 

He knows best him who fears Allah and keep his duty to Him (i.e. those who are Al-Muttaqoon (pious - see V.2:2)).


أَفَرَءَيۡتَ ٱلَّذِى تَوَلَّىٰ

Did you (O Muhammad SAW) observe him who turned away (from Islam).


وَأَعۡطَىٰ قَلِيلاً۬ وَأَكۡدَىٰٓ

And gave a little, then stopped (giving)?


أَعِندَهُ ۥ عِلۡمُ ٱلۡغَيۡبِ فَهُوَ يَرَىٰٓ 

Is with him the knowledge of the unseen so that he sees?


أَمۡ لَمۡ يُنَبَّأۡ بِمَا فِى صُحُفِ مُوسَىٰ 

Or is he not informed with what is in the Pages (Scripture) of Moosa (Moses),


وَإِبۡرَٲهِيمَ ٱلَّذِى وَفَّىٰٓ 

And of Ibrahim (Abraham) who fulfilled (or conveyed) all that (what Allah ordered him to do or convey),


أَلَّا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ۬ وِزۡرَ أُخۡرَىٰ 

That no burdened person (with sins) shall bear the burden (sins) of another,


وَأَن لَّيۡسَ لِلۡإِنسَـٰنِ إِلَّا مَا سَعَىٰ

And that man can have nothing but what he does (good or bad) ,


وَأَنَّ سَعۡيَهُ ۥ سَوۡفَ يُرَىٰ 

And that his deeds will be seen,


ثُمَّ يُجۡزَٮٰهُ ٱلۡجَزَآءَ ٱلۡأَوۡفَىٰ

Then he will be recompensed with a full and the best recompense


وَأَنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ ٱلۡمُنتَہَىٰ

And that to your Lord (Allah) is the End (Return of everything).


وَأَنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ أَضۡحَكَ وَأَبۡكَىٰ 

And that it is He (Allah) Who makes (whom He wills) laugh, and makes (whom He wills) weep;


وَأَنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ أَمَاتَ وَأَحۡيَا 

And that it is He (Allah) Who causes death and gives life;


وَأَنَّهُ ۥ خَلَقَ ٱلزَّوۡجَيۡنِ ٱلذَّكَرَ وَٱلۡأُنثَىٰ 

And that He (Allah) creates the pairs, male and female,


مِن نُّطۡفَةٍ إِذَا تُمۡنَىٰ 

From Nutfah (drops of semen male and female discharges) when it is emitted;


وَأَنَّ عَلَيۡهِ ٱلنَّشۡأَةَ ٱلۡأُخۡرَىٰ 

And that upon Him (Allah) is another bringing forth (Resurrection);


وَأَنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ أَغۡنَىٰ وَأَقۡنَىٰ 

And that it is He (Allah) Who gives much or a little (or gives wealth and contentment),


وَأَنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ رَبُّ ٱلشِّعۡرَىٰ 

And that He (Allah) is the Lord of Sirius (the star which the pagan Arabs used to worship);


وَأَنَّهُ ۥۤ أَهۡلَكَ عَادًا ٱلۡأُولَىٰ 

And that it is He (Allah) Who destroyed the former Ad (people),


وَثَمُودَاْ فَمَآ أَبۡقَىٰ 

And Thamood (people). He spared none of them.


وَقَوۡمَ نُوحٍ۬ مِّن قَبۡلُ‌ۖ

And the people of Nooh (Noah) aforetime,

إِنَّہُمۡ كَانُواْ هُمۡ أَظۡلَمَ وَأَطۡغَىٰ 

verily, they were more unjust and more rebellious and transgressing (in disobeying Allah and His Messenger Nooh (Noah) ).


وَٱلۡمُؤۡتَفِكَةَ أَهۡوَىٰ  

And He destroyed the overthrown cities (of Sodom to which Prophet Lout (Lot) was sent).


فَغَشَّٮٰهَا مَا غَشَّىٰ 

So there covered them that which did cover (i.e. torment with stones).


فَبِأَىِّ ءَالَآءِ رَبِّكَ تَتَمَارَىٰ

Then which of the Graces of your Lord (O man!) will you doubt.


هَـٰذَا نَذِيرٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلنُّذُرِ ٱلۡأُولَىٰٓ 

This (Muhammad SAW) is a warner (Messenger) of the (series of) warners (Messengers) of old .


أَزِفَتِ ٱلۡأَزِفَةُ 

The Day of Resurrection draws near,


لَيۡسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ كَاشِفَةٌ 

None besides Allah can avert it, (or advance it, or delay it).


أَفَمِنۡ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡحَدِيثِ تَعۡجَبُونَ 

Do you then wonder at this recital (the Quran)?


وَتَضۡحَكُونَ وَلَا تَبۡكُونَ 

And you laugh at it and weep not,


وَأَنتُمۡ سَـٰمِدُونَ 

Wasting your (precious) lifetime in pastime and amusements (singing, etc.).


فَٱسۡجُدُواْ لِلَّهِ وَٱعۡبُدُواْ 

So fall you down in prostration to Allah, and worship Him (Alone).  ۩


© Copy Rights:

Zahid Javed Rana, Abid Javed Rana,

Lahore, Pakistan

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