Shaih Bukhari Sharif

Imam Muhammad Bin Ismail Bukhari

Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later

Ahadith 20

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


As-Salam by a definite known specified measure

Hadith # 2239

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of fruits to be delivered within one or two years.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Whoever pays money in advance for dates (to be delivered later) should pay it for known specified weight and measure (of the dates).'

Hadith # 2239b

Narrated Ibn Abi Najih:

as above, mentioning only specific measure.

As-Salam for a known specified weight

Hadith # 2240

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

The Prophet (ﷺ) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of dates to be delivered within two or three years.

He said (to them), "Whoever pays in advance the price of a thing to be delivered later should pay it for a specified measure at specified weight for a specified period."

Hadith # 2240b

Narrated Ibn Abi Najih:

as above, saying,

"He should pay the price in advance for a specified measure and for a specified period."

Hadith # 2241

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

The Prophet (ﷺ) came (to Medina) and he told the people (regarding the payment of money in advance that they should pay it) for a known specified measure and a known specified weight and a known specified period.

Hadith # 2242, 2243

Narrated Shu`ba:

Muhammad or `Abdullah bin Abu Al-Mujalid said, "Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda differed regarding As-Salam, so they sent me to Ibn Abi `Aufa and I asked him about it.

He replied, 'In the lifetime of Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), Abu Bakr and `Umar, we used to pay in advance the prices of wheat, barley, dried grapes and dates to be delivered later.

I also asked Ibn Abza and he, too, replied as above.' "

As-Salam to a person who has got nothing

Hadith # 2244

Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Mujalid:

`Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda sent me to `Abdullah bin Abi `Aufa and told me to ask `Abdullah whether the people in the lifetime of the Prophet (ﷺ) used to pay in advance for wheat (to be delivered later).

`Abdullah replied, "We used to pay in advance to the peasants of Sham for wheat, barley and olive oil of a known specified measure to be delivered in a specified period."

I asked (him), "Was the price paid (in advance) to those who had the things to be delivered later?"

`Abdullah bin `Aufa replied, "We did not use to ask them about that."

Then they sent me to `Abdur Rahman bin Abza and I asked him. He replied,

"The companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) used to practice Salam in the lifetime of the Prophet; and we did not use to ask them whether they had standing crops or not."

Hadith # 2245

Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid:

as above (446) and said,

"We used to pay them in advance for wheat and barley (to be delivered later).

Narrated Ash-Shaibani--"And also for oil."

Narrated Ash-Shaibani:

who said "We used to pay in advance for wheat barley and dried grapes."

Hadith # 2246

Narrated Abu Bakhtari at-Tai:

I asked Ibn `Abbas about Salam for (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied

"The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade the sale a dates on the trees till they became fit for eating and could be weighed."

A man asked what to be weighed (as the dates were still on the trees). Another man sitting beside Ibn `Abbas replied, "Till they are cut and stored."

Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: I heard Ibn `Abbas (saying) that the Prophet (ﷺ) forbade ... etc. as above.

As-Salam for (the fruits of) date-palms

Hadith # 2247, 2248

Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari:

I asked Ibn `Umar about Salam (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied,

"The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade the sale of dates till their benefit becomes evident and fit for eating and also the sale of silver (for gold) on credit."

I asked Ibn `Abbas about Salam for dates and he replied,

"The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating and could be estimated."

Hadith # 2249, 2250

Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari:

I asked Ibn `Umar about Salam for dates. Ibn `Umar replied,

"The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade the sale (the fruits) of date-palms until they were fit for eating and also forbade the sale of silver for gold on credit."

I also asked Ibn `Abbas about it. Ibn `Abbas replied,

"The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating, and could be weighed."

I asked him, "What is to be weighed (as the dates are on the trees)?" A man sitting by Ibn `Abbas said, "It means till they are cut and stored."

The guarantor in As-Salam

Hadith # 2251

Narrated `Aisha:

Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) bought some foodstuff (barley) from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his iron armor to him (the armor stands for a guarantor).

Hadith # 2252

Narrated Al-A`mash:

We argued at Ibrahim's dwelling place about mortgaging in Salam. He said,

"Aisha said, 'The Prophet (ﷺ) bought some foodstuff from a Jew on credit and the payment was to be made by a definite period, and he mortgaged his iron armor to him."

As-Salam for a fixed specified period

Hadith # 2253

Narrated Ibn `Abbas:

The Prophet (ﷺ) came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the prices of fruits to be delivered within two to three years. The Prophet (ﷺ) said (to them),

"Buy fruits by paying their prices in advance on condition that the fruits are to be delivered to you according to a fixed specified measure within a fixed specified period."

Ibn Najih said, " ... by specified measure and specified weight."

Hadith # 2254, 2255

Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid:

Abu Burda and `Abdullah bin Shaddad sent me to `Abdur Rahman bin Abza and `Abdullah bin Abi `Aufa to ask them about the Salaf (Salam).

They said, "We used to get war booty while we were with Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) and when the peasants of Sham came to us we used to pay them in advance for wheat, barley, and oil to be delivered within a fixed period."

I asked them, "Did the peasants own standing crops or not?"

They replied, "We never asked them about it."

As-Salam in buying a she-camel to be delivered after it has given birth

Hadith # 2256

Narrated `Abdullah:

The people used to sell camels on the basis of Habal-al-Habala. The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade such sale.

Nafi` explained Habal-al-Habala by saying. "The camel is to be delivered to the buyer after the she-camel gives birth."


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