Quran Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English)

Alama Imad ud Din Ibn Kathir

Tafsir ibn Kathir, is a classic Sunni Islam Tafsir (commentary of the Qur'an) by Imad ud Din Ibn Kathir. It is considered to be a summary of the earlier Tafsir al-Tabari. It is popular because it uses Hadith to explain each verse and chapter of the Qur'an…'Imad Ad-Din, Isma'il bin 'Umar bin Kathir, was born in 1301 in Busra, Syria  and was taught by Ibn Taymiyya, Al-Mizzi, Ibn Al Firkah, ‘Isa bin Al-Mutim, Ahmed bin Abi-Talib, Ibn Al-Hajjar, Baha Ad-Din Al-Qasim bin Muzaffar bin ‘Asakir, Ibn Ash-Shirazi, Ishaq bin Yahya Al-Ammuddi, Zahriyyah Shaykh, and Muhammad bin Zarrad.

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Revelation of Mystery

(Kashf Al Mahjub)

Ali Hujwiri

Translated by

Lt Col (R) Muhammad Ashraf Javed

 


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Surah Inshirah

Recitation: Sa'ad Al Ghamdi

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Surah Ash-Shrah

1-8

 Tafsir Of Ayat 

1

2 3 4 5

6

7 8

 

 

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

1.

أَلَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَكَ صَدْرَكَ

Have We not opened your breast for you. 

2.

وَوَضَعْنَا عَنْكَ وِزْرَكَ

And removed from you your burden.

3.

الَّذِي أَنْقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ

Which weighed down your back.

4.

وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ

And have We not raised high your fame?

5.

فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا

Verily, along with every hardship is relief,

6.

إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا

Verily, along with every hardship is relief.

7.

فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانْصَبْ

So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship.

8.

وَإِلَى رَبِّكَ فَارْغَبْ

And to your Lord turn intentions and hopes.

The Meaning of Opening the Breast

Allah says,

أَلَمْ نَشْرَحْ لَكَ صَدْرَكَ ﴿١  

Have We not opened your breast for you?

This means, `We illuminated it, and We made it spacious, vast and wide.'

This is as Allah says,

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلإِسْلَـمِ

And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam. (6:125)

And just as Allah expanded his chest, He also made His Law vast, wide, accommodating and easy, containing no difficulty, hardship or burden.

A Discussion of Allah's Favor upon His Messenger

Concerning Allah's Statement,

وَوَضَعْنَا عَنكَ وِزْرَكَ ﴿٢

And removed from you your burden.

This means,

لِّيَغْفِرَ لَكَ اللَّهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِن ذَنبِكَ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ

That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future. (48:2)

الَّذِي أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ ﴿٣

Which weighed down your back.

Al-Inqad means the sound.

And more than one of the Salaf has said concerning Allah's saying, الَّذِي أَنقَضَ ظَهْرَكَ  meaning,

`its burden weighed heavy upon you.'

 Then Allâh says,

وَرَفَعْنَا لَكَ ذِكْرَكَ ﴿٤

And have We not raised high your fame?

Mujahid said,

"It means whenever I (Allah) am remembered, you will also be remembered.''

Qatadah said,

"Allah elevated the remembrance of the Prophet Muhammad both in this world as well as in the hereafter.''

Then Allâh says,

فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا ﴿٥

إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا ﴿٦

Verily, along with every hardship is relief,

Verily, along with every hardship is relief,

Meaning, whatever troubles are encountered by the creation, Allah always provides a relief with it. The relief does not merely comes after the difficulty: it is provided with it.

Then Allâh says,

فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَانصَبْ ﴿٧

وَإِلَى رَبِّكَ فَارْغَبْ ﴿٨

So when you have finished, devote yourself to Allah's worship.

And to your Lord turn intentions and hopes.

Meaning, When you are free from difficulties and blessed with relief, then turn towards your Lord for His worship and turn to Him for all hopes.

This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Ash-Sharh and all praise and thanks are due to Allah.

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Zahid Javed Rana, Abid Javed Rana

Lahore, Pakistan

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