Glorious Qur'an (English Translation)

Surah Nur

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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

1.

سُورَةٌ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهَا وَفَرَضۡنَـٰهَا

A Surah which We have sent down and which We have ordained:

وَأَنزَلۡنَا فِيہَآ ءَايَـٰتِۭ بَيِّنَـٰتٍ۬ لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تَذَكَّرُونَ 

in it have We sent down Clear Signs, in order that ye may receive admonition.

2.

ٱلزَّانِيَةُ وَٱلزَّانِى فَٱجۡلِدُواْ كُلَّ وَٲحِدٍ۬ مِّنۡہُمَا مِاْئَةَ جَلۡدَةٍ۬‌ۖ

The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication --

-    flog each of them with a hundred stripes:

وَلَا تَأۡخُذۡكُم بِہِمَا رَأۡفَةٌ۬ فِى دِينِ ٱللَّهِ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ‌ۖ

let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter prescribed by Allah, if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day:

وَلۡيَشۡہَدۡ عَذَابَہُمَا طَآٮِٕفَةٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ 

and let a party of the Believers witness their punishment.

3.

ٱلزَّانِى لَا يَنكِحُ إِلَّا زَانِيَةً أَوۡ مُشۡرِكَةً۬

Let no man guilty of adultery or fornication marry any but a woman similarly guilty,

وَٱلزَّانِيَةُ لَا يَنكِحُهَآ إِلَّا زَانٍ أَوۡ مُشۡرِكٌ۬‌ۚ

or an Unbeliever nor let any but such a man or an Unbeliever marry such a woman:

وَحُرِّمَ ذَٲلِكَ عَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ 

to the Believers such a thing is forbidden.

4.

وَٱلَّذِينَ يَرۡمُونَ ٱلۡمُحۡصَنَـٰتِ ثُمَّ لَمۡ يَأۡتُواْ بِأَرۡبَعَةِ شُہَدَآءَ

And those who launch a charge against chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, (to support their allegation) --

فَٱجۡلِدُوهُمۡ ثَمَـٰنِينَ جَلۡدَةً۬ وَلَا تَقۡبَلُواْ لَهُمۡ شَہَـٰدَةً أَبَدً۬ا‌ۚ

-    flog them with eighty stripes: and reject their evidence ever after:

وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقُونَ 

for such men are wicked transgressors --

5.

إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ تَابُواْ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ ذَٲلِكَ وَأَصۡلَحُواْ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬

Unless they repent thereafter and mend (their conduct): for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

6.

وَٱلَّذِينَ يَرۡمُونَ أَزۡوَٲجَهُمۡ وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُمۡ شُہَدَآءُ إِلَّآ أَنفُسُهُمۡ

And for those who launch a charge against their spouses, and have (in support) no evidence but their own --

فَشَهَـٰدَةُ أَحَدِهِمۡ أَرۡبَعُ شَہَـٰدَٲتِۭ بِٱللَّهِ‌ۙ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ 

their solitary evidence (can be received) if they bear witness four times (with an oath) by Allah that they are solemnly telling the truth;

7.

وَٱلۡخَـٰمِسَةُ أَنَّ لَعۡنَتَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡهِ إِن كَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡكَـٰذِبِينَ

And the fifth (oath) (should be) that they solemnly invoke the curse of Allah on themselves if they tell a lie.

8.

وَيَدۡرَؤُاْ عَنۡہَا ٱلۡعَذَابَ أَن تَشۡہَدَ أَرۡبَعَ شَہَـٰدَٲتِۭ بِٱللَّهِ‌ۙ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَمِنَ ٱلۡكَـٰذِبِينَ

But it would avert the punishment from the wife, if she bears witness four times (with an oath) by Allah, that (her husband) is telling a lie;

9.

وَٱلۡخَـٰمِسَةَ أَنَّ غَضَبَ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡہَآ إِن كَانَ مِنَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ 

And the fifth (oath) should be that she solemnly invokes the wrath of Allah on herself if (her accuser) is telling the truth.

10.

وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُ ۥ

If it were not for Allah's grace and mercy on you,

وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ حَڪِيمٌ 

and that Allah is Oft-Returning, Full of Wisdom -- (ye would be ruined indeed).

11.

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو بِٱلۡإِفۡكِ عُصۡبَةٌ۬ مِّنكُمۡ‌ۚ

Those who brought forward the lie are a body among yourselves:

لَا تَحۡسَبُوهُ شَرًّ۬ا لَّكُم‌ۖ بَلۡ هُوَ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّكُمۡ‌ۚ

think it not to be an evil to you: on the contrary it is good for you:

لِكُلِّ ٱمۡرِىٍٕ۬ مِّنۡہُم مَّا ٱكۡتَسَبَ مِنَ ٱلۡإِثۡمِ‌ۚ

to every man among them (will come the punishment) of the sin that he earned,

وَٱلَّذِى تَوَلَّىٰ كِبۡرَهُ ۥ مِنۡہُمۡ لَهُ ۥ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ۬ 

and to him who took on himself the lead among them, will be a Penalty grievous.

12.

لَّوۡلَآ إِذۡ سَمِعۡتُمُوهُ ظَنَّ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتُ بِأَنفُسِہِمۡ خَيۡرً۬ا

Why did not Believers -- men and women -- when ye heard of the affair -- put the best construction on it in their own minds

وَقَالُواْ هَـٰذَآ إِفۡكٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬ 

and say, "This (charge) is an obvious lie"?

13.

لَّوۡلَا جَآءُو عَلَيۡهِ بِأَرۡبَعَةِ شُہَدَآءَ‌ۚ

Why did they not bring four witnesses to prove it?

فَإِذۡ لَمۡ يَأۡتُواْ بِٱلشُّہَدَآءِ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ هُمُ ٱلۡكَـٰذِبُونَ 

When they have not brought the witnesses, such men, in the sight of Allah, (stand forth) themselves as liars!

14.

وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُ ۥ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأَخِرَةِ

Were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, in this world and the Hereafter,

لَمَسَّكُمۡ فِى مَآ أَفَضۡتُمۡ فِيهِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ 

a grievous penalty would have seized you in that ye rushed glibly into this affair.

15.

إِذۡ تَلَقَّوۡنَهُ ۥ بِأَلۡسِنَتِكُمۡ وَتَقُولُونَ بِأَفۡوَاهِكُم مَّا لَيۡسَ لَكُم بِهِۦ عِلۡمٌ۬

Behold, ye received it on your tongues, and said out of your mouths things of which ye had no knowledge;

وَتَحۡسَبُونَهُ ۥ هَيِّنً۬ا وَهُوَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ عَظِيمٌ۬ 

and ye thought it to be a light matter, while it was most serious in the sight of Allah.

16.

وَلَوۡلَآ إِذۡ سَمِعۡتُمُوهُ قُلۡتُم مَّا يَكُونُ لَنَآ أَن نَّتَڪَلَّمَ بِہَـٰذَا

And why did ye not, when ye heard it, say --

"It is not right of us to speak of this:

سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ هَـٰذَا بُہۡتَـٰنٌ عَظِيمٌ۬ 

Glory to Allah! this is a most serious slander!"

17.

يَعِظُكُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَن تَعُودُواْ لِمِثۡلِهِۦۤ أَبَدًا إِن كُنتُم مُّؤۡمِنِينَ 

Allah doth admonish you, that ye may never repeat such (conduct), if ye are (true) Believers.

18.

وَيُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡأَيَـٰتِ‌ۚ

And Allah makes the Signs plain to you:

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ

for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

19.

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَ أَن تَشِيعَ ٱلۡفَـٰحِشَةُ فِى ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأَخِرَةِ‌ۚ

Those who love (to see) scandal published broadcast among the Believers, will have a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter:

وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَعۡلَمُونَ 

Allah knows, and ye know not.

20.

وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡڪُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُ ۥوَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ رَءُوفٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬ 

Were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, and that Allah is full of kindness and mercy (ye would be ruined indeed).

21.

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَتَّبِعُواْ خُطُوَٲتِ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنِ‌ۚ

O ye who believe! follow not Satan's footsteps:

وَمَن يَتَّبِعۡ خُطُوَٲتِ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنِ فَإِنَّهُ ۥ يَأۡمُرُ بِٱلۡفَحۡشَآءِ وَٱلۡمُنكَرِ‌ۚ

if any will follow the footsteps of Satan, he will (but) command what is shameful and wrong:

وَلَوۡلَا فَضۡلُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَرَحۡمَتُهُ ۥ مَا زَكَىٰ مِنكُم مِّنۡ أَحَدٍ أَبَدً۬ا

and were it not for the grace and mercy of Allah on you, not one of you would ever have been pure:

وَلَـٰكِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُزَكِّى مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۗ

but Allah doth purify whom He pleases:

وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ۬

and Allah is One Who hears and knows (all things).

22.

وَلَا يَأۡتَلِ أُوْلُواْ ٱلۡفَضۡلِ مِنكُمۡ وَٱلسَّعَةِ

أَن يُؤۡتُوٓاْ أُوْلِى ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ وَٱلۡمَسَـٰكِينَ وَٱلۡمُهَـٰجِرِينَ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۖ

Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who have left their homes in Allah's cause:

وَلۡيَعۡفُواْ وَلۡيَصۡفَحُوٓاْ‌ۗ

let them forgive and overlook:

أَلَا تُحِبُّونَ أَن يَغۡفِرَ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمۡ‌ۗ

do you not wish that Allah should forgive you?

وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ

For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

23.

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَرۡمُونَ ٱلۡمُحۡصَنَـٰتِ ٱلۡغَـٰفِلَـٰتِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتِ لُعِنُواْ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأَخِرَةِ

Those who slander chaste women, indiscreet but believing, are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter:

وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ۬ 

for them is a grievous Penalty --

24.

يَوۡمَ تَشۡہَدُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ أَلۡسِنَتُهُمۡ وَأَيۡدِيہِمۡ وَأَرۡجُلُهُم بِمَا كَانُواْ يَعۡمَلُونَ 

On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their feet will bear witness against them as to their actions.

25.

يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ يُوَفِّيہِمُ ٱللَّهُ دِينَهُمُ ٱلۡحَقَّ

On that Day Allah will pay them back (all) their just dues,

وَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلۡحَقُّ ٱلۡمُبِينُ

and they will realize that Allah is the (very) Truth, that makes all things manifest.

26.

ٱلۡخَبِيثَـٰتُ لِلۡخَبِيثِينَ وَٱلۡخَبِيثُونَ لِلۡخَبِيثَـٰتِ‌ۖ

Women impure are for men impure, and men impure are for women impure;

وَٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتُ لِلطَّيِّبِينَ وَٱلطَّيِّبُونَ لِلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ‌ۚ

and women of purity are for men of purity, and men of purity are for women of purity:

أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ مُبَرَّءُونَ مِمَّا يَقُولُونَ‌ۖ

these are not affected by what people say:

لَهُم مَّغۡفِرَةٌ۬ وَرِزۡقٌ۬ ڪَرِيمٌ۬ 

for them there is forgiveness, and a provision honorable.

27.

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ

O ye who believe!

لَا تَدۡخُلُواْ بُيُوتًا غَيۡرَ بُيُوتِڪُمۡ حَتَّىٰ تَسۡتَأۡنِسُواْ وَتُسَلِّمُواْ عَلَىٰٓ أَهۡلِهَا‌ۚ

enter not houses other than your own, until ye have asked permission and saluted those in them:

ذَٲلِكُمۡ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَذَكَّرُونَ

that is best for you in order that ye may heed (what is seemly).

28.

فَإِن لَّمۡ تَجِدُواْ فِيهَآ أَحَدً۬ا فَلَا تَدۡخُلُوهَا حَتَّىٰ يُؤۡذَنَ لَكُمۡ‌ۖ

If ye find no one in the house, enter not until permission is given to you:

وَإِن قِيلَ لَكُمُ ٱرۡجِعُواْ فَٱرۡجِعُواْ‌ۖ

if ye are asked to go back, go back:

هُوَ أَزۡكَىٰ لَكُمۡ‌ۚ

that makes for greater purity for yourselves:

وَٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ عَلِيمٌ۬ 

and Allah knows well all that ye do.

29.

لَّيۡسَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَدۡخُلُواْ بُيُوتًا غَيۡرَ مَسۡكُونَةٍ۬ فِيہَا مَتَـٰعٌ۬ لَّكُمۡ‌ۚ

It is no fault on your part to enter houses not used for living in, which serve some (other) use for you:

وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ مَا تُبۡدُونَ وَمَا تَكۡتُمُونَ 

and Allah has knowledge of what ye reveal and what ye conceal.

30.

قُل لِّلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ يَغُضُّواْ مِنۡ أَبۡصَـٰرِهِمۡ وَيَحۡفَظُواْ فُرُوجَهُمۡ‌ۚ

Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty:

ذَٲلِكَ أَزۡكَىٰ لَهُمۡ‌ۗ

that will make for greater purity for them:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ خَبِيرُۢ بِمَا يَصۡنَعُونَ

and Allah is well acquainted with all that they do.

31.

وَقُل لِّلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتِ يَغۡضُضۡنَ مِنۡ أَبۡصَـٰرِهِنَّ وَيَحۡفَظۡنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ

And say to the believing women

-          that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty;

وَلَا يُبۡدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنۡهَا‌ۖ

-          that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof;

وَلۡيَضۡرِبۡنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِہِنَّ‌ۖ

-          that they should draw their veils over their bosoms

وَلَا يُبۡدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوۡ ءَابَآٮِٕهِنَّ أَوۡ ءَابَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ

and not display their beauty except

-          to their husbands,

-          their fathers,

-          their husbands' fathers,

أَوۡ أَبۡنَآٮِٕهِنَّ أَوۡ أَبۡنَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوۡ إِخۡوَٲنِهِنَّ أَوۡ بَنِىٓ إِخۡوَٲنِهِنَّ أَوۡ بَنِىٓ أَخَوَٲتِهِنَّ

-          their sons,

-          their husbands' sons,

-          their brothers or

-          their brothers' sons, or

-          their sisters' sons,

أَوۡ نِسَآٮِٕهِنَّ أَوۡ مَا مَلَكَتۡ أَيۡمَـٰنُهُنَّ

-          or their women,

-          or the slaves whom their right hands possess,

أَوِ ٱلتَّـٰبِعِينَ غَيۡرِ أُوْلِى ٱلۡإِرۡبَةِ مِنَ ٱلرِّجَالِ

-          or male servants free of physical needs,

أَوِ ٱلطِّفۡلِ ٱلَّذِينَ لَمۡ يَظۡهَرُواْ عَلَىٰ عَوۡرَٲتِ ٱلنِّسَآءِ‌ۖ

-          or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex;

وَلَا يَضۡرِبۡنَ بِأَرۡجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعۡلَمَ مَا يُخۡفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ‌ۚ

and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments.

وَتُوبُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تُفۡلِحُونَ

And O ye Believers! turn ye al together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss.

32.

وَأَنكِحُواْ ٱلۡأَيَـٰمَىٰ مِنكُمۡ وَٱلصَّـٰلِحِينَ مِنۡ عِبَادِكُمۡ وَإِمَآٮِٕڪُمۡ‌ۚ

Marry those among you who are single, or the virtuous ones among your slaves, male or female:

إِن يَكُونُواْ فُقَرَآءَ يُغۡنِهِمُ ٱللَّهُ مِن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۗ

if they are in poverty, Allah will give them means out of His grace:

وَٱللَّهُ وَٲسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ۬

for Allah encompasseth all, and He knoweth all things.

33.

وَلۡيَسۡتَعۡفِفِ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحًا حَتَّىٰ يُغۡنِيَہُمُ ٱللَّهُ مِن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۗ

Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah gives them means out of His grace.

وَٱلَّذِينَ يَبۡتَغُونَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ مِمَّا مَلَكَتۡ أَيۡمَـٰنُكُمۡ فَكَاتِبُوهُمۡ إِنۡ عَلِمۡتُمۡ فِيہِمۡ خَيۡرً۬ا‌ۖ

And if any of your slaves ask for a deed in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum), give them such a deed if ye know any good in them;

وَءَاتُوهُم مِّن مَّالِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلَّذِىٓ ءَاتَٮٰكُمۡ‌ۚ

yea, give them something yourselves out of the means which Allah has given to you.

وَلَا تُكۡرِهُواْ فَتَيَـٰتِكُمۡ عَلَى ٱلۡبِغَآءِ إِنۡ أَرَدۡنَ تَحَصُّنً۬ا لِّتَبۡتَغُواْ عَرَضَ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا‌ۚ

But force not your maids to prostitution when they desire chastity, in order that ye may make a gain in the goods of this life.

وَمَن يُكۡرِههُّنَّ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ إِكۡرَٲهِهِنَّ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬ 

But if anyone compels them, yet, after such compulsion, is Allah Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful (to them).

34.

وَلَقَدۡ أَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكُمۡ ءَايَـٰتٍ۬ مُّبَيِّنَـٰتٍ۬

We have already sent down to you verses making things clear,

وَمَثَلاً۬ مِّنَ ٱلَّذِينَ خَلَوۡاْ مِن قَبۡلِكُمۡ وَمَوۡعِظَةً۬ لِّلۡمُتَّقِينَ 

an illustration from (the story of) people who passed away before you, and an admonition for those who fear (Allah).

35.

ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ

Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.

مَثَلُ نُورِهِۦ كَمِشۡكَوٰةٍ۬ فِيہَا مِصۡبَاحٌ‌ۖ

The parable of His Light is as if there were a Niche and within it a lamp:

ٱلۡمِصۡبَاحُ فِى زُجَاجَةٍ‌ۖ

the Lamp enclosed in Glass:

ٱلزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّہَا كَوۡكَبٌ۬ دُرِّىٌّ۬

the glass as it were a brilliant star:

يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ۬ مُّبَـٰرَڪَةٍ۬ زَيۡتُونَةٍ۬ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬

lit from a blessed Tree, an Olive, neither of the East nor of the West,

يَكَادُ زَيۡتُہَا يُضِىٓءُ وَلَوۡ لَمۡ تَمۡسَسۡهُ نَارٌ۬‌ۚ

whose Oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it:

نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬‌ۗ يَہۡدِى ٱللَّهُ لِنُورِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۚ

Light upon Light! Allah doth guide whom He will to His Light.

وَيَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلَ لِلنَّاسِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ۬ 

Allah doth set forth Parables for men: and Allah doth know all things.

36.

فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ ٱللَّهُ أَن تُرۡفَعَ وَيُذۡڪَرَ فِيہَا ٱسۡمُهُ ۥ

(Lit is such a light)

in houses, which Allah hath permitted to be raised to honor; for the celebration, in them of His name:

يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ فِيہَا بِٱلۡغُدُوِّ وَٱلۡأَصَالِ

in them is He glorified in the mornings and in the evenings, (again and again) --

37.

رِجَالٌ۬ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءِ ٱلزَّكَوٰةِ

By men whom neither traffic nor merchandise can divert from the Remembrance of Allah, nor from regular Prayer, nor from the practice of regular Charity:

يَخَافُونَ يَوۡمً۬ا تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُلُوبُ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ 

their (only) fear is for the Day when hearts and eyes will be transformed (in a world wholly new) --

38.

لِيَجۡزِيَہُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَحۡسَنَ مَا عَمِلُواْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۗ

That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add even more for them out of His Grace:

وَٱللَّهُ يَرۡزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬

for Allah doth provide for those whom He will, without measure.

39.

وَٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُوٓاْ أَعۡمَـٰلُهُمۡ كَسَرَابِۭ بِقِيعَةٍ۬ يَحۡسَبُهُ ٱلظَّمۡـَٔانُ مَآءً

But the Unbelievers -- their deeds are like a mirage in sandy deserts, which the man parched with thirst mistakes for water;

حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا جَآءَهُ ۥ لَمۡ يَجِدۡهُ شَيۡـًٔ۬اوَوَجَدَ ٱللَّهَ عِندَهُ ۥ فَوَفَّٮٰهُ حِسَابَهُ ۥ‌ۗ

until when he comes up to it, he finds it to be nothing: but he finds Allah (ever) with him, and Allah will pay him his account:

وَٱللَّهُ سَرِيعُ ٱلۡحِسَابِ 

and Allah is swift in taking account.

40.

أَوۡ كَظُلُمَـٰتٍ۬ فِى بَحۡرٍ۬ لُّجِّىٍّ۬ يَغۡشَٮٰهُ مَوۡجٌ۬ مِّن فَوۡقِهِۦ مَوۡجٌ۬ مِّن فَوۡقِهِۦ سَحَابٌ۬‌ۚ

Or (the Unbelievers' state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep ocean, overwhelmed with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds:

ظُلُمَـٰتُۢ بَعۡضُہَا فَوۡقَ بَعۡضٍ إِذَآ أَخۡرَجَ يَدَهُ ۥ لَمۡ يَكَدۡ يَرَٮٰهَا‌ۗ

depths of darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it!

وَمَن لَّمۡ يَجۡعَلِ ٱللَّهُ لَهُ ۥ نُورً۬ا فَمَا لَهُ ۥ مِن نُّورٍ 

for any to whom Allah giveth not light, there is no light!

41.

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ مَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَٱلطَّيۡرُ صَـٰٓفَّـٰتٍ۬‌ۖ

Seest thou not that it is Allah Whose praises all beings in the heavens and on earth do celebrate, and the birds (of the air) with wings outspread?

كُلٌّ۬ قَدۡ عَلِمَ صَلَاتَهُ ۥ وَتَسۡبِيحَهُ ۥ‌ۗ

Each one knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise.

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمُۢ بِمَا يَفۡعَلُونَ

And Allah knows well all that they do.

42.

وَلِلَّهِ مُلۡكُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ

Yea, to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth;

وَإِلَى ٱللَّهِ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ 

and to Allah is the final goal (of all).

43.

أَلَمۡ تَرَ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُزۡجِى سَحَابً۬اثُمَّ يُؤَلِّفُ بَيۡنَهُ ۥ ثُمَّ يَجۡعَلُهُ ۥ رُكَامً۬ا

Seest thou not that Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap? --

فَتَرَى ٱلۡوَدۡقَ يَخۡرُجُ مِنۡ خِلَـٰلِهِۦ وَيُنَزِّلُ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مِن جِبَالٍ۬ فِيہَا مِنۢ بَرَدٍ۬

then wilt thou see rain issue forth from their midst.

And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of clouds) wherein is hail:

فَيُصِيبُ بِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ وَيَصۡرِفُهُ ۥ عَن مَّن يَشَآءُ‌ۖ

He strikes therewith whom He pleases and He turns it away fro whom He pleases.

يَكَادُ سَنَا بَرۡقِهِۦ يَذۡهَبُ بِٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرِ

The vivid flash of His lightning well-nigh blinds the sight.

44.

يُقَلِّبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّيۡلَ وَٱلنَّهَارَ‌ۚ

It is Allah Who alternates the Night and the Day:

إِنَّ فِى ذَٲلِكَ لَعِبۡرَةً۬ لِّأُوْلِى ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرِ

verily in these things is an instructive example for those who have vision!

45.

وَٱللَّهُ خَلَقَ كُلَّ دَآبَّةٍ۬ مِّن مَّآءٍ۬‌ۖ

And Allah has created every animal from water:

فَمِنۡہُم مَّن يَمۡشِى عَلَىٰ بَطۡنِهِۦ

of them there are some that creep on their bellies;

وَمِنۡہُم مَّن يَمۡشِى عَلَىٰ رِجۡلَيۡنِ وَمِنۡہُم مَّن يَمۡشِى عَلَىٰٓ أَرۡبَعٍ۬‌ۚ

some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four.

يَخۡلُقُ ٱللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُ‌ۚ

Allah creates what He wills:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ ڪُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ۬

for verily Allah has power over all things.

46.

لَّقَدۡ أَنزَلۡنَآ ءَايَـٰتٍ۬ مُّبَيِّنَـٰتٍ۬‌ۚ

We have indeed sent down Signs that make things manifest:

وَٱللَّهُ يَہۡدِى مَن يَشَآءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَٲطٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬ 

and Allah guides whom He wills to a way that is straight.

47.

وَيَقُولُونَ ءَامَنَّا بِٱللَّهِ وَبِٱلرَّسُولِ وَأَطَعۡنَا

They say, "We believe in Allah and in the Messenger, and we obey":

ثُمَّ يَتَوَلَّىٰ فَرِيقٌ۬ مِّنۡہُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ ذَٲلِكَ‌ۚ

but even after that, some of them turn away:

وَمَآ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ بِٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ

they are not (really) Believers.

48.

وَإِذَا دُعُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ لِيَحۡكُمَ بَيۡنَہُمۡ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ۬ مِّنۡہُم مُّعۡرِضُونَ 

When they are summoned to Allah and His Messenger, in order that He may judge between them, behold some of them decline (to come).

49.

وَإِن يَكُن لَّهُمُ ٱلۡحَقُّ يَأۡتُوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِ مُذۡعِنِينَ 

But if the right is on their side, they come to him with all submission.

50.

أَفِى قُلُوبِہِم مَّرَضٌ أَمِ ٱرۡتَابُوٓاْأَمۡ يَخَافُونَ أَن يَحِيفَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥ‌ۚ

Is it that there is a disease in their hearts?

Or do they doubt,

or are they in fear, that Allah and His Messenger will deal unjustly with them?

بَلۡ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ

Nay, it is they themselves who do wrong.

51.

إِنَّمَا كَانَ قَوۡلَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ إِذَا دُعُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ لِيَحۡكُمَ بَيۡنَهُمۡ أَن يَقُولُواْ سَمِعۡنَا وَأَطَعۡنَا‌ۚ

The answer of the Believers, when summoned to Allah and His Messenger, in order that He may judge between them, is no other than this: they say, "We hear and we obey":

وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ 

it is such as these that will attain felicity.

52.

وَمَن يُطِعِ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ وَيَخۡشَ ٱللَّهَ وَيَتَّقۡهِ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَآٮِٕزُونَ 

It is such as obey Allah and His Messenger, and fear Allah and do right, that will win (in the end).

53.

وَأَقۡسَمُواْ بِٱللَّهِ جَهۡدَ أَيۡمَـٰنِہِمۡ لَٮِٕنۡ أَمَرۡتَہُمۡ لَيَخۡرُجُنَّ‌ۖ

They swear their strongest oaths by Allah that, if only thou wouldst command them, they would leave (their homes).

قُل لَّا تُقۡسِمُواْ‌ۖ طَاعَةٌ۬ مَّعۡرُوفَةٌ‌ۚ

Say:

"Swear ye not; obedience is (more) reasonable:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ خَبِيرُۢ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ 

verily, Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do."

54.

قُلۡ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ‌ۖ

Say: Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger:

فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَإِنَّمَا عَلَيۡهِ مَا حُمِّلَ وَعَلَيۡڪُم مَّا حُمِّلۡتُمۡ‌ۖ

but if ye turn away, he is only responsible for the duty placed on him and ye for that placed on you.

وَإِن تُطِيعُوهُ تَهۡتَدُواْ‌ۚ

If ye obey him, ye shall be on right guidance.

وَمَا عَلَى ٱلرَّسُولِ إِلَّا ٱلۡبَلَـٰغُ ٱلۡمُبِينُ 

The Messenger's duty is only to preach the clear (Message)."

55.

وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مِنكُمۡ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ

Allah has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous deeds,

لَيَسۡتَخۡلِفَنَّهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ ڪَمَا ٱسۡتَخۡلَفَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡ

that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He granted it to those before them;

وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمۡ دِينَہُمُ ٱلَّذِى ٱرۡتَضَىٰ لَهُمۡ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّہُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ خَوۡفِهِمۡ أَمۡنً۬ا‌ۚ

that He will establish in authority their religion -- the one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after the fear in which they (lived), to one of security and peace:

يَعۡبُدُونَنِى لَا يُشۡرِكُونَ بِى شَيۡـًٔ۬ا‌ۚ

'They will worship Me (alone) and not associate aught with Me.'

وَمَن ڪَفَرَ بَعۡدَ ذَٲلِكَ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقُونَ 

If any do reject faith after this, they are rebellious and wicked.

56.

وَأَقِيمُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتُواْ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَأَطِيعُواْ ٱلرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تُرۡحَمُونَ 

So establish regular Prayer and give regular Charity: and obey the Messenger; that ye may receive mercy.

57.

لَا تَحۡسَبَنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مُعۡجِزِينَ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ

Never think thou that the Unbelievers are going to frustrate (Allah's Plan) on earth:

وَمَأۡوَٮٰهُمُ ٱلنَّارُ‌ۖ وَلَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ 

their abode is the Fire -- and it is indeed an evil refuge!

58.

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لِيَسۡتَـٔۡذِنكُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ مَلَكَتۡ أَيۡمَـٰنُكُمۡ

وَٱلَّذِينَ لَمۡ يَبۡلُغُواْ ٱلۡحُلُمَ مِنكُمۡ ثَلَـٰثَ مَرَّٲتٍ۬‌ۚ

O ye who believe!

let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions,

مِّن قَبۡلِ صَلَوٰةِ ٱلۡفَجۡرِوَحِينَ تَضَعُونَ ثِيَابَكُم مِّنَ ٱلظَّهِيرَةِ وَمِنۢ بَعۡدِ صَلَوٰةِ ٱلۡعِشَآءِ‌ۚ

-    before morning prayer;

-    the while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat;

-    and after the late-night prayer:

ثَلَـٰثُ عَوۡرَٲتٍ۬ لَّكُمۡ‌ۚ

these are your three times of undress:

لَيۡسَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ وَلَا عَلَيۡهِمۡ جُنَاحُۢ بَعۡدَهُنَّ‌ۚ

outside those times it is not wrong for you

طَوَّٲفُونَ عَلَيۡكُم بَعۡضُڪُمۡ عَلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ۬‌ۚ

or for them to move about attending to each other:

كَذَٲلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمُ ٱلۡأَيَـٰتِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ۬ 

thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

59.

وَإِذَا بَلَغَ ٱلۡأَطۡفَـٰلُ مِنكُمُ ٱلۡحُلُمَ فَلۡيَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُواْ ڪَمَا ٱسۡتَـٔۡذَنَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡ‌ۚ

But when the children among you come of age, let them (also) ask for permission, as do those senior to them (in age):

كَذَٲلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَڪُمۡ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَڪِيمٌ۬

thus does Allah make clear His Signs to you: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

60.

وَٱلۡقَوَٲعِدُ مِنَ ٱلنِّسَآءِ ٱلَّـٰتِى لَا يَرۡجُونَ نِكَاحً۬ا

فَلَيۡسَ عَلَيۡهِنَّ جُنَاحٌ أَن يَضَعۡنَ ثِيَابَهُنَّ غَيۡرَ مُتَبَرِّجَـٰتِۭ بِزِينَةٍ۬‌ۖ

Such elderly women as are past the prospect of marriage -- there is no blame on them if they lay aside their (outer) garments, provided they make not a wanton display of their beauty:

وَأَن يَسۡتَعۡفِفۡنَ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّهُنَّ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ۬ 

but it is best for them to be modest: and Allah is One Who sees and knows all things.

61.

لَّيۡسَ عَلَى ٱلۡأَعۡمَىٰ حَرَجٌ۬ وَلَا عَلَى ٱلۡأَعۡرَجِ حَرَجٌ۬ وَلَا عَلَى ٱلۡمَرِيضِ حَرَجٌ۬

it is no fault in the blind nor in one born lame, nor in one afflicted with illness,

وَلَا عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِڪُمۡ أَن تَأۡكُلُواْ مِنۢ بُيُوتِڪُمۡ

nor in yourselves, that ye should eat

-    in your own houses,

أَوۡ بُيُوتِ ءَابَآٮِٕڪُمۡ أَوۡ بُيُوتِ أُمَّهَـٰتِكُمۡ أَوۡ بُيُوتِ إِخۡوَٲنِڪُمۡ أَوۡ بُيُوتِ أَخَوَٲتِڪُمۡ

أَوۡ بُيُوتِ أَعۡمَـٰمِڪُمۡ أَوۡ بُيُوتِ عَمَّـٰتِڪُمۡ أَوۡ بُيُوتِ أَخۡوَٲلِكُمۡ أَوۡ بُيُوتِ خَـٰلَـٰتِڪُمۡ

-    or those of your fathers, or your mothers, or your brothers,

-    or your sisters, or your father's brothers, or your father's sisters,

-    or your mother's brothers, or your mother's sisters,

أَوۡ مَا مَلَڪۡتُم مَّفَاتِحَهُ ۥۤ أَوۡ صَدِيقِڪُمۡ‌ۚ

-    or in houses of which the keys are in your possession,

-    or in the house of a sincere friend of yours:

لَيۡسَ عَلَيۡڪُمۡ جُنَاحٌ أَن تَأۡڪُلُواْ جَمِيعًا أَوۡ أَشۡتَاتً۬ا‌ۚ

there is no blame on you, whether ye eat in company or separately.

فَإِذَا دَخَلۡتُم بُيُوتً۬ا فَسَلِّمُواْ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِكُمۡ تَحِيَّةً۬ مِّنۡ عِندِ ٱللَّهِ مُبَـٰرَڪَةً۬ طَيِّبَةً۬‌ۚ

But if ye enter houses, salute each other -- a greeting or blessing and purity as from Allah.

ڪَذَٲلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ ٱللَّهُ لَڪُمُ ٱلۡأَيَـٰتِ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تَعۡقِلُونَ 

Thus does Allah make clear the Signs to you: that ye may understand.

62.

إِنَّمَا ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ

وَإِذَا ڪَانُواْ مَعَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰٓ أَمۡرٍ۬ جَامِعٍ۬ لَّمۡ يَذۡهَبُواْ حَتَّىٰ يَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُوهُ‌ۚ

Only those are Believers who believe in Allah and His Messenger: when they are with him on a matter requiring collective action, they do not depart until they have asked for his leave:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُونَكَ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ‌ۚ

those who ask for thy leave are those who believe in Allah and His Messenger;

فَإِذَا ٱسۡتَـٔۡذَنُوكَ لِبَعۡضِ شَأۡنِهِمۡ فَأۡذَن لِّمَن شِئۡتَ مِنۡهُمۡ وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لَهُمُ ٱللَّهَ‌ۚ

so when they ask for thy leave, for some business of theirs, give leave to those of them whom thou wilt, and ask Allah for their forgiveness:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬

for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

63.

لَّا تَجۡعَلُواْ دُعَآءَ ٱلرَّسُولِ بَيۡنَڪُمۡ كَدُعَآءِ بَعۡضِكُم بَعۡضً۬ا‌ۚ

Deem not the summons of the Messenger among yourselves like the summons of one of you to another:

قَدۡ يَعۡلَمُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ يَتَسَلَّلُونَ مِنكُمۡ لِوَاذً۬ا‌ۚ

Allah doth know those of you who slip away under shelter of some excuse:

فَلۡيَحۡذَرِ ٱلَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنۡ أَمۡرِهِۦۤ أَن تُصِيبَہُمۡ فِتۡنَةٌ أَوۡ يُصِيبَہُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ 

then let those beware who withstand the Messenger's order lest some trial befall them,

or a grievous Penalty be inflicted on them.

64.

أَلَآ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ

Be quite sure that to Allah doth belong whatever is in the heavens and on earth.

قَدۡ يَعۡلَمُ مَآ أَنتُمۡ عَلَيۡهِ وَيَوۡمَ يُرۡجَعُونَ إِلَيۡهِ فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُواْ‌ۗ

Well doth He know what ye are intent upon: and one day they will be brought back to Him, and He will tell them the truth of what they did:

وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمُۢ 

for Allah doth know all things.

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Zahid Javed Rana, Abid Javed Rana, Lahore, Pakistan

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