Shaih Bukhari Sharif

Imam Muhammad Bin Ismail Bukhari

The Book of Shuf'a

Ahadith 3

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


Shuf'a is valid if the property is undivided

Hadith # # 2257

Narrated Jabir bin `Abdullah:

Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) gave a verdict regarding Shuf'a in every undivided joint thing (property). But if the limits are defined (or demarcated) or the ways and streets are fixed, then there is no pre-emption.

The partner should inform his partner before selling

Hadith # # 2258

Narrated `Amr bin Ash-Sharid:

While I was standing with Sa`d bin Abi Waqqas, Al-Miswar bin Makhrama came and put his hand on my shoulder. Meanwhile Abu Rafi`, the freed slave of the Prophet (ﷺ) came and asked Sa`d to buy from him the (two) dwellings which were in his house.

Sa`d said, "By Allah I will not buy them." Al- Miswar said, "By Allah, you shall buy them."

Sa`d replied, "By Allah, I will not pay more than four thousand (Dirhams) by installments."

Abu Rafi` said, "I have been offered five hundred Dinars (for it) and had I not heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying,

'The neighbor has more right than anyone else because of his nearness, I would not give them to you for four-thousand (Dirhams) while I am offered five-hundred Dinars (one Dinar equals ten Dirhams) for them."

So, he sold it to Sa`d.

Who is considered the nearer neighbour?

Hadith # # 2259

Narrated Aisha:

I said, "O Allah's Messenger (ﷺ)! I have two neighbors and would like to know to which of them I should give presents."

He replied, "To the one whose door is nearer to you."


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